Arhive

  • Автор: Super User
  • Category: Arhive
  • Просмотров: 1015

Volume 3'2012

©SCS Journal  ISSN  2225- 2215

Study of Changing Societies: Comparative and  Interdisciplinary Focus,

Vol. 2'(3) 2012

General Editors: Olga Guzhva

Articles are subject to double blind anonymous peer review by experts, proof reading and editing to be carried out by organizers.

Submissions should be made in English and should conform to the Instruction to Authors and Author Guidelines

First you need get registration on site.

Editorial Board:

Dr. Mikhail Beznosov, Dr. Roman Sheiko,  Dr. Anna Amelina, Prof. Alpaslan Özerdem, Dr. Biswajit Mohapatra, Dr. Vincenzo Cicchelli, Prof. Vittorio Cotesta, Dr. Miŝo Dokmanovic, Prof. Jan M. Fritz, Dr. David Galbreath, Dr.David Görömbölyi, Dr. Boyd Johnson, Dr. Iryna Kosulya, Dr. Florent Marciacq, Dr. Javier Garcia Marin, Prof. Jonathan Mendilow, Dr. David Ondracka, Prof. Olexandr Serdyuk, Dr. Nataliya Velikaya, Prof. Francesco Villa, Dr. John P. Willerton,  Dr. Martin Carrier, Prof. Yuriy Dubenskiy, Prof. Paulette Kurzer, Prof. William Dixon, Prof. Kostas Ant Lavdas, Dr. Muhammad Tahir Tabassum, Akbar Valadbigi, Prof Dr Svetla Koleva, Dr Arthur Atanesyan.

Content 

In this issue 

 Javier García Marín   

Evaluating Different Models of Media Behavior During Armed Conflicts: is the Media in Charge of the Narrative? p.3-31

This paper deals with the different models that examine the relationship between political actors and the media during conflicts, taking into account that the contributions of top researchers indicate that the effects of political communication on the audiences are very different for episodes of foreign policy. Current academic perspective show several models that have been proposed to explain these relationships: Manufacturing Consent (Chomsky, Heman), Indexing (Bennett, Paletz), the so-called CNN Effect, the Cascade Model (Entman) and other ad-hoc models. This research attempts to demonstrate the validity of each of them applied to two episodes of the Spanish foreign policy: the Kosovo war in 1999 and the 2003 Iraq war. To this end, researchers have investigated the use of frames by the press and the political discourse over the whole duration of each conflict to try to find similarities and changes in speeches. The results show that some models better describe the observed behavior, and that one of the main variables could be the degree of political agreement on the armed conflict as some models predict.

 Keywords: framing, indexing, foreign policy

(Read more) 

 

  Akbar Valadbigi, Bagrat Harutyunyan                                                                                   

Social trust: a confusion between lost and won. A comparative encounter with social trust among the Yezidis of Armeniaand North Iraq p. 32-56

 Sparkling at the heart of social capital is social trust. Simply a two-word concept, social trust has proven to be an intriguing concept, one which has captured the interest and imagination of scholars, researchers, and professionals alike. The study of social trust among ethnic minorities is especially the object of current public concern. Although much ink has been spilled by researchers to dissect the state of social trust in burgeoning democracies, direct study of this concept is lacking among Yezidi communities.   In an attempt to address this imbalance, therefore, the overriding concern of this paper has been to examine the state of social trust among two geographically different communities of the Yezidis; the Yezidis of Armenia and the Yezidi community of north Iraq. Therefore, the main question addressed in this paper is how much diversity in the level of trust may exist between these two communities. Along with shedding light on this question, the paper suggests feasible procedures, that if taken, the deficit of trust in some Yezidi-populated areas may be promoted.

Keywords: Trust, Yezidi communities, ethno-religious minorities, Armenia, north Iraq 

(Read more)   

                

Ilya Ermolin

Theoretical discussion: Networks or hierarchies: interaction between belief system and social culture of society     p. 57-76

It is usually for social scientists to distinguish two mechanisms of interaction in social structures: the hierarchy and the network, while mentioning the existence of other alternatives. The author would like to return to the alternatives and highlight the hierarchy and the network as two states of interaction. Considering the network and the hierarchy as two states of interaction, the author identifies three subsystems of social culture and three types of belief system, in accordance with a given level. Interaction between selected subsystems of culture and types of belief system occurs in different ways in two different states and differently defines the social and political changes. The interaction analysis in the two states is the subject of this article.

Keywords: social and policy networks, hierarchy, subsystems of social culture, types of belief system, interaction state

 

 (Read more)  

 

Iryna Kosulya 

International Migration and the Sociocultural Security Issue in EU p. 77-106

This paper deals with the security issue in contemporary world. Currently, migration is viewed not only as a threat to borders and national security in the light of transnational terrorism, human and drug traffic ect. But migrant communities become perceived as threats to the social order, norms and values in the scope of “native population”. If migrants are perceived as an internal treat, it leads to the appropriate activity and consequences. They are: the growth of right-wing, anti-immigrant political parties in many EU states and the demand of anti-migration policies. By-turn, migrant communities blame hosting community in xenophobia and violation of their basic rights that again leads to a new wave of anti-immigrant mood. This also shows the inherent inconsistency and relativity of security: security of one group can lead to insecurity of another one; state security can lead to insecurity of migrants and vice-versa. Author examines inherent inconsistency and relativity of security: security of one group can lead to insecurity of another one; state security can lead to insecurity of migrants and vice-versa.

Keywords: international migration, socio-cultural security tolerance, intolerance, EU

(Read more)

 

Lara Maestripieri 

The Contemporary Utopia of Self-Realization p. 107- 118

Utopia in classic literature is a place in which community is a value in itself. The individual is tied to a collective that gives him a meaning for his own life and his moral value is based on his participation to the utopian collective. Imaging a utopia in this perspective is a form of moral rebellion, which is possible only foreseeing a better future in a progressive historical timeline. Contemporary societies put in question such assumptions, starting from breaking the social and collective prerequisite. Postmodernity contradicts its salient characteristics: there is no more a space for an absolute common good when society is liquid and focalised on present, every individual is in search of a its own happiness instead of creating a community, short-time has become the timeline of contemporary culture. This paper will describe the utopian dimension of contemporary societies by showing its contradictory feature compared to the classic model, referring to the theories of pragmatic sociology and the rise of project as ontological dimension of contemporary life.

Keywords: Utopia, postmodernity, pragmatic sociology

(Read more)  

download full issue

 

  • Автор: Super User
  • Category: Arhive
  • Просмотров: 982

Volume 4'2012

©SCS Journal  ISSN  2225- 2215

Study of Changing Societies: Comparative and  Interdisciplinary Focus,

Vol. 2'(4) 2012

General Editors: Olga Guzhva

Articles are subject to double blind anonymous peer review by experts, proof reading and editing to be carried out by organizers.

Submissions should be made in English and should conform to the Instruction to Authors and Author Guidelines

First you need get registration on site.

Editorial Board:

Dr. Mikhail Beznosov, Dr. Roman Sheiko,  Dr. Anna Amelina, Prof. Alpaslan Özerdem, Dr. Biswajit Mohapatra, Dr. Vincenzo Cicchelli, Prof. Vittorio Cotesta, Dr. Miŝo Dokmanovic, Prof. Jan M. Fritz, Dr. David Galbreath, Dr.David Görömbölyi, Dr. Boyd Johnson, Dr. Iryna Kosulya, Dr. Florent Marciacq, Dr. Javier Garcia Marin, Prof. Jonathan Mendilow, Dr. David Ondracka, Prof. Olexandr Serdyuk, Dr. Nataliya Velikaya, Prof. Francesco Villa, Dr. John P. Willerton,  Dr. Martin Carrier, Prof. Yuriy Dubenskiy, Prof. Paulette Kurzer, Prof. William Dixon, Prof. Kostas Ant Lavdas, Dr. Muhammad Tahir Tabassum, Akbar Valadbigi, Prof Dr Svetla Koleva, Dr Arthur Atanesyan.

Content

In this issue 

 

Tanja Dibou  

 Thinking about altruism p.4-28

Altruism is very provocative phenomenon. It is not clear: what altruism means for people today and does it really exist? The article is directed for a theoretical meta-analysis of various views on phenomenon altruism. Analyzing a several number of views (sociological, philosophical, religious, psychological), we will try to concern the nature and content of the altruistic behavior, the forms and the reasons of altruism. The author systematizes different typologies of altruism. The objective to look for the motives of altruistic behavior. One of crucial part of the paper is concerned about possible benefits of altruism nowadays. The article also concentrates on critics of altruism, trying to understand, why people are skeptical about altruistic acts.

Keywords: altruism, egoism, altruistic behavior, moral norms, typologies of altruism

 (Read more)

                   

  Asima Hassan, Aneesa Shafi                                        

Attitude towards Mental illness in Kashmir p. 29-39

 In most of the societies mental illness carries a substantial stigma or mark of shame. Such stigma may keep families from acknowledging that a family member is ill. Some families may hide or overprotect a member with mental illness-keeping the person from receiving potentially effective care-or they may reject the person from family. When magnified from individuals to a whole society, such attitudes lead to underfunding of mental health services and terribly inadequate care. The Conflict situation has adversely affected the mental health of people in Kashmir, resulting in the significant increase in the psychological disorders. In the present study an attempt has been made to know the attitude of people towards Mental illness in Kashmir.

Keywords: Mental health, Stigma, conflict, tragedy, turmoil, treatment, depression.

   (Read more)             

 

   Miguel Briones Blanco José G. Vargas Hernández                   

Strategies of Mexican   cultural industry for regional development of northern Jalisco .The case of Huichol handcrafts p. 40-52

Cultural industries have taken a very important role in the preservation of culture and national identity, so that the momentum of these is a factor to consider as part of the country's economic growth. In addition to the craft as part of the culture industry plays a key role in modern economies. The present study aims to analyze the importance of craft production in the northern state of Jalisco to be promoted for the purpose of regional attraction, for cultural, economic and social. This work will be announced strategic alternatives that both the State and other institutions can implement to promote regional development by implementing projects involving the promotion of culture and crafts of the northern region of Jalisco.

 Keywords: Handicrafts, regional development, cultural industries JEL: D20, L30, Q10, R11, R13, R23, Z1, Z11

( Read more)

                        

Otu Ekpenyong   

Nightlife in rural Nigeria: analysis of prospects for development p. 53-82

There is an overwhelming need to accord rural development a priority on the ‘must-do-list’ of government at different levels if the rural communities must contribute meaningfully to the social, cultural and economic development of Nigeria. A bulk of the Nigerian wealth is derived form agriculture, and oil which lies in abundant quantity in rural communities. Current estimates put the rural population at over 80% of the entire population of almost 140 million people. So far, not much in terms of infrastructural development has been done to bring this bulk of concentration of both human and material resources to contribute optimally to national economy. Studies on rural development have focused mostly on agricultural development to the neglect of social development of rural dwellers. Nightlife remains an aspect of social development that has suffered utter neglect in rural areas in Nigeria. The neglect has resulted in mass exodus of rural dwellers and in turn has made the rural area qualitatively and quantitatively depopulated, and progressively less attractive for socio-economic investment. There is the need to develop the social life of the ruralites, especially nightlife.

Keywords: nightlife, development, rural development, rural communities, Nigeria.

 (Read more)

                 

  Ngboawaji Daniel Nte                                                                 

Partnership for Public Safety and National Security : Lessons for Exploring the Benefits of Interagency Collaboration and Community Nigeria’s Security Agencies p. 83-99

 This paper attempts an evaluative analysis of the need for a focused and productive collaboration of the intelligence and security agencies in Nigeria with the needed community linkage in ways that the community’s security and safety can be guaranteed. The mutations of national security threats in Nigeria and the sophistication of the tactics of extremist and malevolent elements in the country have equally necessitated the urgent need to vigorously strengthen inter agency collaboration in the business of intelligence and security management. All over the world, massive intelligence failures have been predicated on poor inter agency collaboration arising from lack of mutual trust, institutional egotism and perhaps fatal ethno-religious loyalty. In Nigeria, the recent cases of intelligence failures and the monumental national security threats posed by extremists remain to a large extent due to poor/weak inter agency collaboration and apparent community isolation. The paper therefore examines how the intelligence and security agencies can collaborate and adequately integrate the community to guarantee the security and safety of the nation.

Keywords: National Security, Public Safety, Nigeria, Collaboration, Inter agency, Security.

(Read more) 

 

Ernesto Guerra-García, José G. Vargas-Hernández

Socio-intercultural evaluation for investment projects in indigenous communities Wixarikas p. 100 -123

This paper analyzes aspects of the problem that occurs in the social evaluation of investment projects for indigenous communities’ Wixarikas (Huichols). A project in this context make particularly complex the evaluation. On the socio-economic perspective with which it is evaluated comes into play the incommensurability of social and intercultural issues that cannot be ignored. It is addressed the questions that have arisen in the development of this type of project and presents a theoretical framework for the methodological proposal of socio-cultural evaluation. 

Keywords: Social evaluation of investment projectssocio-intercultural evaluation, indigenous communities, Wixarikas.

 (Read more)

download full issue

 

 

 

  • Автор: Super User
  • Category: Arhive
  • Просмотров: 1033

Volume 1'5 2012

©SCS Journal  ISSN  2225- 2215

Study of Changing Societies: Youth Under Global Perspective

Vol. 1'(5) 2012

General Editors: Olga Guzhva

Responsible editor for special issue: Dr Dariay Pavlova

Articles are subject to double blind anonymous peer review by experts, proof reading and editing to be carried out by organizers.

Submissions should be made in English and should conform to the Instruction to Authors and Author Guidelines

First you need get registration on site.

Editorial Board:

Dr. Mikhail Beznosov, Dr. Roman Sheiko,  Dr. Anna Amelina, Prof. Alpaslan Özerdem, Dr. Biswajit Mohapatra, Dr. Vincenzo Cicchelli, Prof. Vittorio Cotesta, Dr. Miŝo Dokmanovic, Prof. Jan M. Fritz, Dr. David Galbreath, Dr.David Görömbölyi, Dr. Boyd Johnson, Dr. Iryna Kosulya, Dr. Florent Marciacq, Dr. Javier Garcia Marin, Prof. Jonathan Mendilow, Dr. David Ondracka, Prof. Olexandr Serdyuk, Dr. Nataliya Velikaya, Prof. Francesco Villa, Dr. John P. Willerton,  Dr. Martin Carrier, Prof. Yuriy Dubenskiy, Prof. Paulette Kurzer, Prof. William Dixon, Prof. Kostas Ant Lavdas, Dr. Muhammad Tahir Tabassum, Akbar Valadbigi, Prof Dr Svetla Koleva, Dr Arthur Atanesyan, Prof Walther Specht, Tetiayna Basina

Contents

In this issue 

Walther Specht 

Social Crime Prevention by Mobile Youth Work in Europe. A holistic community-based approach to include children and youth at risk and their families p. 4-17

The authors deals with the social work concept of Mobile Youth Work strives for inclusion  and consists of  Street Work, Case Work, Group Work and Community Work.

Keywords: social work,  Mobile Youth Work, Street Work, Street Work,  Community Work, children and youth at risk.

 (Read more)

 

Tanja Dibou  

Towards a better understanding of the model of EU youth policy  p. 15-36

The study subject of the paper is governance of youth policy of the European Union. The work provides an overview of the historical development of the youth policy, the administrative structure of EU youth policy and the main methods of the EU institutions in the youth field. The decision making process and authority decentralization among various levels is implemented in EU youth policy. This study explores the model of EU youth policy and discuss the capacity of this model to ensure cross-sectorial and multi-level cooperation in the youth field. Therefore theoretical concepts of multi-level governance helps to understand the working model of the EU common youth policy as youth policy model that transcends EU countries, various levels and sectors.

Keywords: youth, youth policy, multi-level governance, EU youth policy, cross-sector youth strategy

(Read more)

 

Molefe Coper Joseph                                                                                             

Social Agency of Low-Income ‘Young’ Women in Gaborone City, Botswana  p. 37-62

Empowerment should be a bottom-up process driven by a detailed understanding of how the disempowered sections of society view and respond to their own livelihood situations. The concept of social agency has brought a new perspective to the empowerment of women and other disempowered sections of society such as ‘the’ youth. This paper presents findings of a study which investigated how low-income ‘young’ women in Botswana exercise their social agency to improve their livelihood situations. The findings show that these ‘young’ women are indeed exercising their double social agency (both as women and as youth) to improve their livelihoods both in practical and strategic terms. They do not only demonstrate high sense of entrepreneurship but they are also becoming strategic in self-social positioning within their complex socio-cultural contexts. Although they are exercising their social agency in many different ways their main concern is to enhance livelihood situation of their families.

Key words: gender, livelihood trajectories, empowerment, social agency, young women

(Read more)

 

Ádám Nagy, Levente Székely 

The Civil Youth Segment in Hungary   p. 63-83

This area is in a more adverse situation compared to the other segments in Hungary. The financial situation became increasingly difficult, the support from the state decreased, and the organizations are partly capable to support themselves from other sources. Additional harms may be caused by the bursting out of financial scandals. As a result of the adverse processes, caring about the youth generations’ specific problems continuously loses from its importance. Further hardens the situation that the civil organisms did not manage to create a united representation of interest until now. This article not only reviews the statistics of the past years and its results, and calls the reader’s the attention to the unresolved problems, but formulates proposals regarding the future also.

Keywords: youth organizations in Hungary, Youth Civil segment, human resource of the Hungarian youth segment, financial situation of the Hungarian youth segment

(Read more)

 

Evaggelia  Kalerante 

Modern juvenile social Networks as “political notional grids” in the formulation of the political movement Discourse p. 84-96

The present paper is involved with the growing movement actions in Northern Africa and Middle East countries as well as in Europe. The social networks seem to play a crucial role in the development and achievement of this social uprising as the current social and political reality is perceived on a different interpretational basis and expressed by an emerging conflicting discourse. Dynamic areas of juvenile expression are formed in which claims about radical transformations, liberation and modernism are evident while the new political expression is associated with the creation of opportunities and expectations conducive to a higher quality of life. Individuals are turned from passive receivers into participants and actual protagonists through their publications and the formation of communities. Furthermore, a transition of the young mass from the communicative tactic procedure to the public presence is carried out. Individualism is replaced by collective participation while the sense of co-existence is promoted. The issue of change of the political system is placed in the center of attention by the juvenile movement while the notion of global democracy is promoted with special reference to equality in relation to prosperity. What is particularly depicted in the movements of the Northern Africa and Middle East countries is a progressive shift from the religious aspect towards a more secular version of rights. In Europe, on the other hand, the focus is placed on the globalization negative implications. Thus, all over the world, movement actions are legalized through the detachment of the established political system.

Keywords: democracy, juvenile culture, movement actions, participation, prosperity, uprising 

 (Read more)

 

Amanpreet Singh

 Discourse Cultural connotations of adolescence and future challenges among Indian adolescents  p. 97-107

Adolescence is the transitional stage of life. This transition involves biological, social, and psychological changes and is further complicated by the number of simultaneous nature of these changes.The present chapter attempts to deliberate the cultural connotation of the stage of adolescence and analyze the future challenges faced by Indian adolescents. In Indian context male and female adolescents have different experiences during adolescence as the cultural differences are vast with regard to their conduct and are based on traditional adult role stereotype. In some societies pubertal transitions are associated with the age of sexual maturity while in others these are associated with an age of religious responsibility. In many cultures and religions there are certain ceremonies to confirm puberty, and significant benefits and responsibilities are deciphered as direct outcome of this change. The codes prescribed in the ancient text of Dharamashastra are deeply rooted in the Indian psyche and continue to influence cultural practices towards adolescents in a powerful manner. Traditionally the onset of puberty is acknowledged by the family and new code of conduct is prescribed both for boys and girls. But in modern times the grip of traditional value system has loosened and it has got less definite.  There is shift of family system i.e. from joint to nuclear family system. The influence of media and spread of ever pervasive modern day technological gadgets like mobiles, cameras, internet e.t.c has resulted in accelerating the process of demeaning the cultural traditions.  The spread of diseases like AIDS/HIV/STD and rampant drug abuse has increased the vulnerability of adolescents’ manifolds. The present study suggests that there is urgent need to revive those cultural values and traditions which are helpful to increase the knowledge of adolescents about pubertal transitions and build the support system to cater the various dilemmas associated with adolescence.

Keywords: Adolescence, culture and adolescence, challenges of adolescents 

 (Read more)

Olga Batsman 

Integrated education of youth with functional health limitations: technological resources Impact of the conflict situation on Education in Kashmir (A sociological Study) p. 108-120

The author outlines the problems of adaptation process of integrated learning in higher educational institutions. She considers information technologies, Internet technologies, interactive technologies, psychological technologies as tools to facilitate the adaptation of the subjects of the educational process in integrated educational groups.

Keywords:students with functional health limitations, higher education, integrated education, technology of educational process.

(Read more)

Asima Hassan

Impact of the conflict situation on Education in Kashmir (A sociological Study) p. 121 -134

The impact of Twenty-years-old conflict on Kashmiri society has proved deeper, wider and has engulfed the totality of social dynamics. In actuality, every sector and every section of the Kashmiri society suffer in totality at the individual as well as group level. Education was the major causality as a result of the conflict .The major cause leading to the decreasing working days were incidents of violence and crumbling of the entire system of governance. This paper aims to focus on the impact of the conflict situation on education of youth in Kashmir. The present study has been limited to youth enrolled in various degree colleges covering the faculties of general science, social science, Humanities, Business/commerce and computer science. The respondents were selected from the colleges of six districts of Kashmir province of Jammu and Kashmir.

Keywords: conflict situation, education

 (Read more)

 

download full issue

  • Автор: Super User
  • Category: Arhive
  • Просмотров: 999

Volume 1'2012

©SCS Journal  ISSN  2225- 2215

Study of Changing Societies: Corruption Study

Vol. 1'2012

General Editors: Olga Guzhva

Responsible editor for special issue: Prof. Jonathan Mendilow

Prof Indira Carr , Prof Tina Uys, Prof Michal Klima, Dr Aleksandr Kryuchkov, Dr Irina Soldatenko,Prof Olexandr Serdyuk , Dr Elena Volaynskaya, Dr Igor Osyka, Sergej Muravjov, Prof Marco A. Gandásegui, Jr. , Prof Michael Pinto-Duschinsky , Dr Anna Markovska , Dr Bagrat M. Harutyunyan

Articles are subject to double blind anonymous peer review by experts, proof reading and editing to be carried out by organizers.

Submissions should be made in English and should conform to the Instruction to Authors and Author Guidelines

First you need get registration on site.

Editorial Board:

Dr. Mikhail Beznosov, Dr. Roman Sheiko,  Dr. Anna Amelina, Prof. Alpaslan Özerdem, Dr. Biswajit Mohapatra, Dr. Vincenzo Cicchelli, Prof. Vittorio Cotesta, Dr. Miŝo Dokmanovic, Prof. Jan M. Fritz, Dr. David Galbreath, Dr.David Görömbölyi, Dr. Boyd Johnson, Dr. Iryna Kosulya, Dr. Florent Marciacq, Dr. Javier Garcia Marin, Prof. Jonathan Mendilow, Dr. David Ondracka, Prof. Olexandr Serdyuk, Dr. Nataliya Velikaya, Prof. Francesco Villa, Dr. John P. Willerton,  Dr. Martin Carrier, Prof. Yuriy Dubenskiy, Prof. Paulette Kurzer, Prof. William Dixon, Prof. Kostas Ant Lavdas, Dr. Muhammad Tahir Tabassum, Akbar Valadbigi, Prof Dr Svetla Koleva, Dr Arthur Atanesyan

Contents

In this issue 

José G. Vargas-Hernández

The multiple  faces of corruption: typology, form, and levels p.3-27

This paper is aimed to analyze the multiple forms and faces of corruption, its typology and levels. The analysis begins reviewing a typology categorizing political corruption, economic corruption and public administration corruption and showing some examples of typologies, establishing the levels of corruption and indicating where can be encountered. It is concluded that corruption is just as multifaceted concept as there are societies and economic and political systems, embracing from the broad concept of corruption to the narrow legal concept of bribery. However, it is difficult to assess the overall levels of corruption phenomena based on empirical or perceived data which do not reflects the realities of corruption world.

Keywords: Corruption, forms of corruption, levels of corruption.

(Read more)

Bagrat Harutyunyan

The  system of a corruption action p. 28-46

The author analyses cases of corrupt practices, the ways of realization of corruption deals, typical participants of corrupt relationships, their roles, modes of behaviour, reasons, attitude towards corrupt practices, evaluation of the significance of corrupt practices for the society.

Keywords: corruption action attitude towards corrupt practices, corrupt practices.

(Read more) 

 

Rishika Chauhan

Corruption: A Structural Defect p. 47-66

This paper delves into the problem of corruption in democracies recognizing it as a structural defect. It examines the prospect of structures working their effects through the process of socialization that limits and moulds behaviour of units. It argues that ‘democracy’ is a sound system that guarantees the units/voters sufficient opportunities to exercise their preferences and shape the outcome; however the structure of institutions acts as a ‘selector’. It determines the rules of the game and encourages conformity by punishing non-adherence. Thus the short-term incentive to re-elect even the corrupt politician gets enhanced while the gain of rebelling against the dominant forces is diluted by delay in happy outcomes. Socialization of voters and structural limitations become the two most important variables in determining if corrupt politicians will be punished by the voters in elections or not. Case studies of two states in India; Bihar and Himachal Pradesh are used. Having realized that socialization takes place within segments, the level is compared. The result shows that in sum individual enticements can overpower moral and ethical notions in the absence of appropriate socialization.

Keywords: Corruption, structure, socialization, India, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh.

(Read more)

 

Amr G.E Sabet

Corruption, governance and collective sanctions: can a wicked problem be tamed? p. 67-104

Research Question: Tackling a problem requires mostly, an ability to read it, conceptualize it, represent it, define it, and then applying the necessary tools and mechanisms to solve it. This may sound self-evident except when the problem to be engaged happens to be “complex,” “ill-structured,” and/or “wicked.” Corruption, defined in this paper in terms of bribery and/or extortion, is one of those kinds of problems. Both in its global and national manifestations it is ill-structured. Where it is structural in nature, endemic and pervasive, it is perhaps even wicked. Qualities of the kind impose modest expectations regarding possibilities of any definitive solution to this insidious phenomenon. If so, it may not suffice to address the problem of corruption using existing categories of law and/or good governance, which overlook the “long-term memory” of the collective and cultural specific dimensions of the subject.

Research Findings/Insights: The above socio-historical conditions require focusing on the interactive and self-reproducing networks of corruption and attempting to ‘subvert’ that phenomenon’s entire institutionalized matrix. Concepts such as collective responsibility, collective punishment and sanctions are introduced as relevant categories in the structural, as well as behavioral, subversion or ‘unfreezing’ of the path dependent aspects of corruption.

Theoretical/Academic Implications & Practitioner/Policy Implications: These concepts may help in the evolving of a new perspective on corruption fighting strategies. They may also form the foundation of future empirical studies regarding their effectiveness in fighting corruption.

Keywords: bribery; collective responsibility; collective sanctions; corruption; governance; modified vendetta; path dependency; wicked problem.

(Read more)

 

Michal Klima

Political Parties in a Clientelistic Democracy p. 105-128

It is clear from political science literature that political parties are not static entities. Similar to other political institutions, they tend to transform with time, in response to changes in their surrounding environment. If the economic, social, cultural and political parameters in society are to substantially change, it is possible to deduce a change in the role of a political party and its internal organisational structure.In the region of Central Europe, Czechoslovakia – and after 1993 the Czech Republic – presents a special case, where during political and economic transformation next to general features, specific factors were also enforced, which eventually influenced the set-up and formation of parties in their early stages. It is left to consideration and further scrutiny to decide whether the unrepeatable environment of the Czech-Moravian melting pot, characterised by the political culture of non-ideological and unscrupulous pragmatism, has not cultivated the “clientelisticform”of political party.

Keywords: clientelistiсdemocracy, corruption, political parties

 (Read more)

Jonathan Mendilow

Corruption  and campaign findings: a Burkean perspective p. 129-145

Keywords: corruption, camping funding, political corruption

( Read more)

 

Daniel Buquet, Rafael Piñeiro, Richard Salvat, Lucía Selios, Daniela Vairo

Corruption and politics in Uruguay: from particularism to universalism p. 146- 169

Transparency scores in Uruguay have improved in the last fifteen years in both absolute and comparative terms. This paper argues that this change is the result of a long-run process of transformation in Uruguayan politics from competitive particularism to an open access regime. First, this paper briefly reviews the political and institutional changes that led governance in Uruguay to be based on universalistic norms. Next, it uses public opinion and elite survey data to provide descriptive evidence about citizen perceptions of levels of corruption. Third, the paper uses media data to explore the place that corruption held in the public agenda during the last fifteen years. Finally, using court records, it evaluates the efficacy of existing structures to punish abuses. These analyses help to clarify the main features that lie behind the categorization of Uruguay as a contemporary achiever in terms of government transparency.

Keywords: Uruguay. Corruption. Transparency. Perceptions. Linkages. Institutions.

 (Read more)

download full issue

 

  • Автор: Super User
  • Category: Arhive
  • Просмотров: 646

Volume1'2012

©SCS Journal  ISSN  2225- 2215

Study of Changing Societies: Comparative and  Interdisciplinary Focus,

Vol.1'(1) 2012

General Editors: Olga Guzhva, Dr. Mikhail Beznosov, Dr. Roman Sheiko

Articles are subject to double blind anonymous peer review by experts, proof reading and editing to be carried out by organizers.

Submissions should be made in English and should conform to the Instruction to Authors and Author Guidelines

First you need get registration on site.

Editorial Board:

Dr. Anna Amelina, Prof. Alpaslan Özerdem, Dr. Biswajit Mohapatra, Dr. Vincenzo Cicchelli, Prof. Vittorio Cotesta, Dr. Miŝo Dokmanovic, Prof. Jan M. Fritz, Dr. David Galbreath, Dr.David Görömbölyi, Dr. Boyd Johnson, Dr. Iryna Kosulya, Dr. Florent Marciacq, Dr. Javier Garcia Marin, Prof. Jonathan Mendilow, Dr. David Ondracka, Prof. Olexandr Serdyuk, Dr. Nataliya Velikaya, Prof. Francesco Villa, Dr. John P. Willerton,  Dr. Martin Carrier, Prof. Yuriy Dubenskiy, Prof. Paulette Kurzer, Prof. William Dixon, Prof. Kostas Ant Lavdas, Dr. Muhammad Tahir Tabassum.

Contents 

In this issue

Robley E. George

SOCIOECONOMIC DEMOCRACY A Progressive Societal Arrangement p. 3-38

Presented here is an advanced, fundamentally just and democratic socioeconomic system capable of resolving or significantly reducing, simultaneously, many of the intimately intertwined societal problems of humanity. Socioeconomic Democracy is a progressive societal arrangement wherein there exist some form and amount of Universally Guaranteed Personal Income and Maximum Allowable Personal Wealth, with both the lower bound on personal material poverty and upper bound on personal material wealth set and adjusted democratically by all participants of a functioning Democratic Society.  Discussed first are the essential aspects of Socioeconomic Democracy.  Next, related implications such as possible democratic variations, incentive and self-interest, numerous justifications, practical political approximations, system realizability and implementation are all sketched.  Some of the dozens of societally beneficial ramifications are indicated. Finally, we briefly suggest how Socioeconomic Democracy would favorably impact the world’s presently inconsistent and therefore struggling socioeconomic systems of “Capitalism,” “Socialism,” and Islamic religio-socio-economics.

Keywords: Socioeconomics, Democracy, Socioeconomic Democracy, Income, Wealth, Limits, Societal Problems.

(Read more) 

Svitlana Batsyukova

Human Trafficking and Human Smuggling: Similar Nature, Different Concepts p. 39-49

The conceptual confusion around human trafficking and human smuggling produces incorrect interpretation of two phenomena in professional circles. This paper analyses the conceptual challenges around human trafficking and human smuggling by comparing the two with each other. The author introduces a comparative table that tests human trafficking and human smuggling against defined criteria: type of crime, characteristics of recruited people, push factors, illegal entry in the country of destination, the relationship between recruiter and recruited individuals, control over the situation, profits, use of violence, services available to trafficked or smuggled individuals. Additionally, the paper discusses some implications (“side effects”) of strict border control measures on human trafficking and smuggling of migrants. The mixed nature and differences between human trafficking and human smuggling are illustrated with examples mainly derived from successfully investigated cases in Ukraine and abroad. Although the conducted analysis is not exhaustive, it contributes to greater comprehension of important aspects of these two phenomena.

Keywords: human trafficking, human smuggling.

(Read more)

Lin  Ren,

Introduction into the English School and the Current Reality Related Research Topics p. 50-63

This paper declares the basic claims and divisions of the English School. It introduced the basic concepts, such as international system, international society and world society. Debates within the English School members addressed and reflected some very important phenomena in the global politics. Through exploring these topics, the English School could consolidate its status as an alternative approach except for the American dominated IR (International Relations) main streams. Therefore, this paper has both academic and social significance.

Keywords: Via Media; Pluralist Methodology; Order; Justice; Anti-Globalization

(Read more)

Irina Soldatenko

Social Responsibility of Business in Ukraine (using the banking sphere as an example) p. 64-79

The article is devoted to the analysis of social responsibility of business and various forms of its realization in the sphere of banking services in Ukraine (in particular, to the analysis of external relations of banking institutions). A necessary condition of activities of any commercial organization in the context of a competitive environment is building and maintaining its positive reputation. Using the example of the banking sphere, we analyze practices of use by banks and other commercial organizations of negative communication technologies, and social consequences of these actions.

Keywords: responsibility of business, corporate reputation, negative technologies.

(Read more) 

Book review

Trust  The Social Virtues and the Creation of Prosperity By: Francis Fukuyama p. 80 -95

Reviewed by:  Akbar Valadbigi,  Bagrat Harutyunyan 

(Read more)

download full issue

 

Ещё статьи...

  1. Volume 2'2012