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Volume 2'2012

©SCS Journal  ISSN  2225- 2215

Study of Changing Societies: Comparative and  Interdisciplinary Focus,

Vol.1'(2) 2012

General Editors: Olga Guzhva, Dr. Mikhail Beznosov, Dr. Roman Sheiko

Articles are subject to double blind anonymous peer review by experts, proof reading and editing to be carried out by organizers.

Submissions should be made in English and should conform to the Instruction to Authors and Author Guidelines

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Editorial Board:

Dr. Anna Amelina, Prof. Alpaslan Özerdem, Dr. Biswajit Mohapatra, Dr. Vincenzo Cicchelli, Prof. Vittorio Cotesta, Dr. Miŝo Dokmanovic, Prof. Jan M. Fritz, Dr. David Galbreath, Dr.David Görömbölyi, Dr. Boyd Johnson, Dr. Iryna Kosulya, Dr. Florent Marciacq, Dr. Javier Garcia Marin, Prof. Jonathan Mendilow, Dr. David Ondracka, Prof. Olexandr Serdyuk, Dr. Nataliya Velikaya, Prof. Francesco Villa, Dr. John P. Willerton,  Dr. Martin Carrier, Prof. Yuriy Dubenskiy, Prof. Paulette Kurzer, Prof. William Dixon, Prof. Kostas Ant Lavdas, Dr. Muhammad Tahir Tabassum.  

Content  

In this Issue  p.2-3

Muhammad Tahir Tabassum

POLITICAL SITUATION IN KASHMIR AND ROLE OF UNITED NATIONS  p. 4-28

Keywords: political situation, Kashmir, United Nation

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Michael O. Slobodchikoff

How Effective are International Organizations at Resolving Territorial Disputes among Member States:  A Look at the European Union p. 29-59

International organizations have been shown to be effective at mediating conflicts, yet little work has been done to examine how effective international organizations are at resolving conflicts among their own member states or future member states.  This study examines territorial disputes in the European Union and determines that the EU is very effective at managing territorial disputes among its member states, and very effective at resolving territorial disputes among candidate states that wish to become members of the EU.

Keywords: EU, Territorial Disputes, Conflict Management, International Organizations

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Roman Nikolaev

Explaining Support for Vladimir Putin: Culture versus Performance p. 60-80

The leader of the ‘new’ Russia, Vladimir Putin, has had high popularity since the day he was elected as a president for the first time. Using the New Russia Barometer dataset, the paper tries to explain support for Putin for one of the years of the peak of his presidency (2004). In order to understand the support, I employ two competing theories – performance (in economic and political spheres) and political culture – which were suggested by the existing literature. The analysis, surprisingly, does not lead to significant results for performance in economic sphere, but political culture and performance in politics matter. As a result, I show that Putin embodies a figure of a strong leader that assures Russian population of stability (one of the features that Russians value a lot). At the same time the citizens pay attention to the accountability in the political arena – successes in political performance lead to the increase in support of Putin.

Keywords: culture, perfomance

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Martin Carrier

INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE POWER, AND POLITICAL EXECUTIVES IN UKRAINE UNDER THE KUCHMA PRESIDENCY p. 81-112

To assess how and why some institutions may be more efficient in promoting change without disrupting the initial institutional design, this article proposes to analyze the evolution of the power relationship between the political executive in the semi-presidential regime of Ukraine under the presidency of Leonid Kuchma. The analysis of the power relationship between political executives in Ukraine reveals the hazard of understanding the political process solely through institutional lenses. The results show that in this consolidating democracy, executive power is often a function of non-institutional and partisan explanations, and that state weaknesses in its autonomy and capacity are core explanations, since it allows important societal divides, such as ethnic and regional affiliation, and network competition to polarize the political sphere and make political competition between political executives a zero-sum game.

Keywords: semipresidentialism, institutional change, institutional design, Ukraine, Kuchma.

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Akbar Valadbigi,  Bagrat Harutyunyan

 Studying the Peculiarities of Social Capital Among the Yezidi Rural Population of Armenia (Focusing on the Alterations of Social Trust ) p. 113-130

This article is concerned with the peculiarities of social capital focusing on the alterations of social trust and the social factors that influence it among the Yezidi rural population of Armenia. Our theoretical framework has been adopted from the following theorists: the theory of social system in terms of the theory of action: Parsons and the theory of structure-agency: Giddens.

Keywords: Social capital, Alterations of social trust, Ethno-religious minority, Yezidi, Armenia

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