Study of Changing Societies: Corruption Study
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Prof Indira Carr , Prof Tina Uys, Prof Michal Klima, Dr Aleksandr Kryuchkov, Dr Irina Soldatenko,Prof Olexandr Serdyuk , Dr Elena Volaynskaya, Dr Igor Osyka, Sergej Muravjov, Prof Marco A. Gandásegui, Jr. , Prof Michael Pinto-Duschinsky , Dr Anna Markovska , Dr Bagrat M. Harutyunyan
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Dr. Mikhail Beznosov, Dr. Roman Sheiko, Dr. Anna Amelina, Prof. Alpaslan Özerdem, Dr. Biswajit Mohapatra, Dr. Vincenzo Cicchelli, Prof. Vittorio Cotesta, Dr. Miŝo Dokmanovic, Prof. Jan M. Fritz, Dr. David Galbreath, Dr.David Görömbölyi, Dr. Boyd Johnson, Dr. Iryna Kosulya, Dr. Florent Marciacq, Dr. Javier Garcia Marin, Prof. Jonathan Mendilow, Dr. David Ondracka, Prof. Olexandr Serdyuk, Dr. Nataliya Velikaya, Prof. Francesco Villa, Dr. John P. Willerton, Dr. Martin Carrier, Prof. Yuriy Dubenskiy, Prof. Paulette Kurzer, Prof. William Dixon, Prof. Kostas Ant Lavdas, Dr. Muhammad Tahir Tabassum, Akbar Valadbigi, Prof Dr Svetla Koleva, Dr Arthur Atanesyan
In this issue
Frank Louis Rusciano
International’s Index of Corruption and Global Survey Results p. 4-21
Keywords: Corruption, structure, socialization, India, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh.
*This paper first was prepared for presentation at the International Political Science Conference; Madrid, Spain; July 9, 2012
Corruption and the Fatal Power of Envy: Revisiting The Classical Republican Tradition p. 22-42
One hurdle to the systematic study of corruption is the plethora of definitions, none of which seems to meet the test of applicability across times and political systems. This, in turn, leads to difficulty in assessing the reasons underlying corruption and explaining its levels in various contexts. Thus, it may be useful to recur to the classical republican notions, particularly the conflation of the public and personal, the degree to which the republic relied upon a virtuous and self-sacrificing citizenry, and the problem of individual desire and envy. The more modern 18th century British concept twisted the equation and drew a boundary between the public and the private such that individuals needed to squelch their private desires in favor of public virtue. Later termed positive and negative liberty, this fundamental divide became the threshold of corruption. How can individual rights be protected from government intrusion? Conversely, how can governmental rights be protected from individual intrusion? How can free, independent humans govern themselves? Such fundamental questions remain central to contemporary American culture. This paper suggests that a return to Classical Republican Tradition, particularly the writing of Thucydides and the concept of "fatal envy" can shed new light on the dialectical nature of public and private liberty and of the issue of corruption.
CORRUPTION AND CAMPAIGN FUNDING: A BURKEAN PERSPECTIVE p. 43-63
THE SOCIAL COMPETENCE OF POLICE CADETS AS SOCIOLOGY CONCEPTION
The purpose of this paper is to clarify the definition of social competence and its application in police practice, introduction of the police officer social competence structure, the subsequent description of its components. The efficiency in problems solving, which police officer encounter in daily service, as well as the quality of cooperation between police and community directly depends on the level of social competence development, the interiorization of social norm and values in personality structure of police officer, such as tolerance, respect of human rights, motivation for social interaction, culture of communication, social intelligence, emotionally-volitional stability etc. Therefore, the objectives of educative work in police high school have to include the purposeful formation of social competence as a requirement of contemporary democratic society. Another aspect of social competence formation in police cadets through educational means is utilization of moral potential of education, which is essential in rapidly changing societies for efficient socialization of such professional group as police officers.
Keywords: social competence, policing, social interaction, sociocultural environment, socialization, vocationaleducation.